BMW 3 series E46
Since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
The BMW of 3 series Е46
- Cars BMW 3 (Е46)
Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
Поддомкрачивание and towage
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Checks of readiness of the car to operation
Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
Diagnostics of malfunctions
Controls and operation receptions
Controls and devices
Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system
The hatch with podemno-sdvizhnoj крышкой*
Adjustment of position of a steering wheel
The lock of ignition and engine start
Manual box of a gear change (РКПП)
Automatic transmission (АТ) *
The lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal
Screen wipers and стеклоомыватели
Heater of back glass
Темпостат (automatics of maintenance of the set speed) *
The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
System of automatic stabilisation of stability with a regulator of a twisting moment of engine ASC+T/System of the dynamic control of stability DSC*
The monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) *
Illumination and light devices
Heater, ventilation and the conditioner of air of salon
The salon equipment
Features of driving of the car
The Katalitichesky converter
Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS)
Readjustment of headlights
Unlocking of a cover of the refuelling hatch manually
Drive podemno-sdvizhnoj hatch covers вручную*
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ РКПП and трансмиссионная a line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes
Acquisition of spare partsThe important role at repair work is played by use of spare parts and the account quality materials intended for your car.
As a whole spare parts can be subdivided on two big groups:
Original spare parts. These spare parts extend through official representatives of manufacturers of cars. They always have original packing and marks of the manufacturer of the car. Quality corresponds to all requirements and is guaranteed by the manufacturer of the car. The official representative of the manufacturer of the car has in assortment all spare parts for the given car. If what or the detail is absent in a warehouse of the representative, it in short terms is delivered from the central warehouse.
Stereotyped spare parts. Definition "stereotyped" speaks nothing about quality of spare parts. It means that they are on sale not in packing of the manufacturer of the car and extend not through the official representatives trading in cars. The basic skeleton of this group is made by the known firms manufacturers of spare parts delivering to a detail on assembly conveyors of motor-car manufacturers. As their equipment and technologies allow to make spare parts and for cars of many other manufacturers, they let out details not only for the assembly conveyor any one or several autocollectors, but also for sale in the free market. These details have packing and marks of the manufacturer spare parts. Quality does not concede to original spare parts, and the prices can be much more low, than at original (the difference can reach 50 % in favour of stereotyped). The assortment is a bit more modest, than at original spare parts. The program includes the details most running and using the greatest demand.
Many large western dealers spare parts use own packing, buying the big assortment of stereotyped spare parts in large lots is direct at manufacturers and selling them under own trade mark. Stereotyped spare parts, as a rule, extend through free shops of spare parts, free automobile repair shops and servicing deports.
It is necessary to give special attention to quality of got spare parts. It is necessary to avoid purchase of very cheap spare parts (in comparison with original and stereotyped known firms) as frequently they do not correspond to norms of quality and safety. If decorative молдинг poor quality negatively influences only appearance of the car installation bad quality brake колодок or the oil filter can become threat for safety of passengers or cause a huge damage to the engine so expenses for repair many times over will exceed saved at purchase cheap spare parts the sum. Therefore it is necessary to use or services of official representatives (original parts), or well proved sellers of stereotyped spare parts.
There is also a possibility of acquisition of the restored details, thus you return an old detail. It first of all concerns difficult, expensive details, such as the engine, the generator, a starter etc. sometimes offer Such possibility both official representatives, and free sellers of spare parts. It also saves some part of your means, in most cases essentially enough. Thus the firm selling the restored unit, gives on it almost same guarantee, as well as on the new.
Identification of spare parts
The manufacturer of cars constantly improves the production, constantly bringing in a change design. Can happen so that within the limits of one series and one variant of execution of the car some knots and units can differ slightly from each other, and the spare part from one, for example, earlier variant will not approach for another. Therefore at acquisition of spare parts it is very important to give to the seller as much as possible full information on the car. The more exact data on the car, you will give, the it is less probability of an error.
Besides the standard data set, including year of release, body type, a variant of execution of a body, chassis number (number VIN), engine number etc., the seller the following data can interest: whether any additional equipment (for example, an additional heater, more powerful generator, the conditioner) Is established on the car.
Whether is available каталитический the converter?
Type of system of injection of fuel etc.
Detail installation site.
If for any reason the documents reflecting these data, no, it is recommended to consult about it at experts, for example, having called in in the firm centre. Sometimes, buying this or that запчасть, happens it is very useful to take with itself an old detail subject to replacement for comparison.