BMW 3 series E46

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



The BMW of 3 series Е46
- Cars BMW 3 (Е46)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Controls and operation receptions
   Controls and devices
   Refuelling
   Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system
   Security сигнализация*
   Стеклоподъемники
   The hatch with podemno-sdvizhnoj крышкой*
   Seats
   Adjustment of position of a steering wheel
   Mirrors
   Safety systems
   The lock of ignition and engine start
   Lay brake
   Manual box of a gear change (РКПП)
   Automatic transmission (АТ) *
   The lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal
   Screen wipers and стеклоомыватели
   Heater of back glass
   Темпостат (automatics of maintenance of the set speed) *
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilisation of stability with a regulator of a twisting moment of engine ASC+T/System of the dynamic control of stability DSC*
   The monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) *
   Illumination and light devices
   Heater, ventilation and the conditioner of air of salon
   The salon equipment
   Обкатка
   Features of driving of the car
   The Katalitichesky converter
   Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Disk brakes
   Brake system
   Luggage spaces
   Automobile телефон*
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Unlocking of a cover of the refuelling hatch manually
   Drive podemno-sdvizhnoj hatch covers вручную*
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ РКПП and трансмиссионная a line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes





Controls and devices

1 — Lay illumination / a passing light (Has undressed Illumination and light devices)
2 — turn Indexes (Has undressed the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal)
Parking fires (Has undressed Illumination and light devices)
Headlight (Has undressed Illumination and light devices)
Light signal (Has undressed the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal)
Travelling компьютер*
3 — Screen wipers / стеклоомыватели (Has undressed Screen wipers and стеклоомыватели)
4 — Lever RKPP / selector AT (Sections the Manual box of a gear change (РКПП) and Automatic transmission (АТ))
If on the car it is established РКПП for inclusion of transfer of a backing it is necessary to wring out the lever to the left, having overcome thus easy resistance

5 — the Uniform lock (Has undressed Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system)
6 — the Light alarm system
7 — Heating of back glass (Has undressed the Heater of back glass)
8 — the Sound signal
9 — steering wheel Adjustment (Section Adjustment of position of a steering wheel)
10 — Back foggy фонарь* (Has undressed Illumination and light devices)
11 — Antifog фары* (Has undressed Illumination and light devices)


Control panel

1 — the Index of a stock of fuel with a control lamp of a reserve
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turn
3 — the Speedometer
4 — Control lamps:
The accumulator category
Headlight
Pressure of oil in the engine / oil level
In the engine
5 — the Tachometer and эконометр
6 — the Index of temperature of a cooling liquid with a lamp “Too a heat of a cooling liquid”
7 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
Lay brake / level of a brake liquid / monitoring systems behind braking on turns (СВС)
ABS
Deterioration brake колодок
Monitoring systems of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) *
Inflatable pillows of safety of a reminder on necessity пристегнуться*
темпостата*
8 — the adjustment Button:

Hours
The indicator of forthcoming maintenance service

9 — the Indicator of the chosen program of a gear change for АТ* (Section Automatic transmission (АТ))
Control lamp АТ* (Section Automatic transmission (АТ))
10 — the Control lamp of system of automatic stabilisation of stability with a regulator of a twisting moment of the engine (ASC+T) / systems of the dynamic control of stability (DSC)
11 — the Display for indication of indications:
The run counter
Measuring instrument of run from the moment of dump
Hours
The indicator coming
Maintenance service
Indication of indications of the travelling computer *, management from the lever of indexes of turn:
Hours
Temperature of external air
The average expense of fuel
Rough stock of a course
Average speed
12 — the Display of the indicator of open doors and not switched off light devices
13 — the dump Button on a zero of indications of a measuring instrument of run from the moment of dump
14 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
Antifog фар*
Back foggy фонарей*
Level of a liquid of a washer
Level of a cooling liquid
преднакала* / digital elekt - ронной control systems of the diesel engine (DDE) *
Electronic system regulirov - ки capacities of the engine (EML) *
Control systems of engine work


# You can deduce on indication of the indication of temperature of external air and the passed way in other units of measure.

Control lamps, signalling devices and indicators

Self-diagnostics of systems of the car


All important electric and electronic systems in the car are exposed to regular automatic testing. Thus you should not include or regulate anything.

So, at ignition inclusion, all control lamps are checked. If one of them is faulty, the information on it registers in memory of system of diagnostics of malfunctions, whence it is possible to consider it subsequently.

During a trip constant measurements of a current in the relay of servomotors (screen wipers, стеклоподъемников, seats, the hatch in a roof etc.) allow to supervise their working capacity.

Also electric resistance запальных generators NPB and all other elements of this system is constantly measured. Any malfunction is registered thanks to fluctuations of pressure accompanying it, and the corresponding signal about malfunction will be submitted by control lamp НПБ on a control panel.

Even after engine deenergizing the complete control of working capacity of your car is made. For example, all заслонки heating and ventilation systems move to the nearest final position. Thereby it is possible to provide preservation of function of defrosting even if in the car within night there was any defect in heating or ventilation system in any case.

After each deenergizing of the engine checking process during which time all servomotors move заслонки systems of heating and ventilation to both extreme positions is made. Final positions and a course заслонок are thus supervised that provides subsequently correct adjustment according to position of regulators.

Noise testifies to process of self-diagnostics of system of heating / ventilation from work заслонок which is audible after ignition deenergizing. All other functions of self-testing by noise are not accompanied and are not appreciable.

The information on all defects revealed during self-testing is brought in memory and can be считана by means of special devices that allows to define and eliminate quickly them (address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions). On HUNDRED this work it is made in a planned order, at carrying out of the next maintenance service.

The control and alarm lamps marked with a sign "about", light up for some time for the purpose of check of working capacity at the moment of ignition key turn, and die away through different time after engine start.

If in one of systems defect the corresponding lamp after engine start does not die away is found out or lights up again during a trip. Actions which are necessary for undertaking in that case, are described more low.

Red lamps: immediately stop

The accumulator category about

Lamp fire serves as a signal about absence of gymnastics of the accumulator. Defect клинового a belt in a drive of the generator or chain infringement зарядного a generator current can be the reason. Address on the nearest HUNDRED BMW.
To continue movement it is impossible, as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of its overheat. At defect клинового a belt the effort which is necessary for putting to a steering wheel at driving increases.


Pressure of oil in the engine about

It is necessary to stop, muffle at once the engine, to check up level of oil and if necessary to finish it to norm. If level appears in norm address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.
To continue movement it is impossible, as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of insufficient greasing.


The control of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) *

In addition the acoustic signal sounds: there was a defect of the tyre. Immediately stop, avoiding sharp braking or maneuvers. More in detail in Section the Monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC).


Hydraulic drive of brake system about

If the lamp lights up at the released lay brake it means that it is necessary to check up level of a brake liquid. Before to continue movement, necessarily will follow the instructions resulted in Section Brake system.


Red and yellow lamps: it is possible to continue movement with observance of safety measures

The monitoring system behind braking on turns (СВС) about

If the lamp lights up together with yellow control lamps of systems ABS and ASC+T|DSC * it testifies to failure of all complex of adjusting systems ABS, СВС and ASC+T|DSC. It is possible to continue movement with observance of necessary safety measures. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Red lamps: as the important reminder

Lay brake

The lamp lights up at the tightened lay brake - at трогании from a place the acoustic signal in addition sounds. More in detail in Section the Lay brake.


Please, пристегнитесь* about

Depending on a car complete set at lamp fire simultaneous giving sound сигнала* is possible. Depending on a complete set of the car the lamp burns or some seconds, or up to пристегивания. For details about seat belts address to Section of System of safety.


Inflatable pillows of safety about

Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. More in detail in Section of System of safety.


Orange lamp: it is necessary to move to the nearest HUNDRED BMW

Automatic трансмиссия*

Because of malfunction АТ of a gear change are carried out only under the emergency program. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. More in detail in Section Automatic transmission (АТ).

Yellow lamps: address on HUNDRED for check

System of antiblocking of brakes (ABS) about

Lamp fire testifies to switching-off ABS because of malfunction. Thus brakes function without restrictions. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions. More in detail in Section Antiblocking system of brakes (ABS).


Oil level in the engine

At lamp fire check up oil level.


Brake колодки about

Check up a condition brake колодок. More in detail in Section Brake system.


The monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) * about

Check up pressure of air in tyres. More in detail in Section the Monitoring system of pressure of air in tyres (RDC) and Specifications.


System of automatic stabilisation of stability with a regulator of a twisting moment of the engine (ASC+T) / system of the dynamic control of stability (DSC) * about

ASC+T/DSC It is disconnected as a result of pressing of a key or because of malfunction. In case of malfunction address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Addition of a liquid of a washer

Level of a liquid of a washer too low. Finish it to norm of the first possibility.


Control system of engine work

Defect in system. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Electronic system of adjustment of capacity of the engine (EML) about

Defect in system EML; at braking, probably, it is required to put to a brake pedal большее effort, and its course can increase. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Digital electronic control system of work of the diesel engine (DDE) * about

If during movement the alarm lamp of system DDE it means has lighted up that in electronic system of injection there was a malfunction.

If the engine has not decayed, it is possible to continue movement as management of engine work will be carried out under the emergency program. However at movement under such program capacity can be lowered. Address to Section Diagnostics of malfunctions.


Add cooling liquid

Level of a cooling liquid too low. Finish it to norm at the first possibility.


Yellow lamps: for you attention

Back foggy фонари*

The lamp burns at the included back foggy lanterns. More in detail in Section Illumination and light devices.


Преднакал* About

To start the engine it is possible only after the lamp will go out. More in detail in Section the Lock of ignition and engine start.

Green lamps: for you attention

The turn index


The lamp blinks at inclusion of indexes of turn. At movement with the trailer the lamp blinks also at inclusion of indexes of turn on the trailer. The speeded up blinking testifies to defect in system. More in detail in Section the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal.


Темпостат (automatics of maintenance of the set speed) *

The lamp burns at the included system. The system can be operated from a multipurpose steering wheel. More in detail in Razdele Tempostat (automatics of maintenance of the set speed).


Antifog фары*

The lamp burns at the included antifog headlights. More in detail in Section Illumination and light devices.


Dark blue lamp

Headlight


The lamp burns at the included headlight and using a light signal. More in detail in Sections the Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / a light signal and Illumination and light devices.


Run counters

1 Counter of the general run

At ignition key installation in position “0” you can cause on indication of the indication of the counters presented on an illustration, having pressed the button on a control panel (it is shown by an arrow).


2 Measuring instrument of run from the moment of dump

Dump on a zero occurs by pressing of the button shown by an arrow if thus the ignition key is in position 1 or 2.

Tachometre

Avoid finishing of turns of the engine to values of red sector of a scale.

In this range for engine protection fuel giving that is appreciable by capacity falling interrupts.


Эконометр

Эконометр registers the actual expense of fuel in km l/100. You can supervise at any moment, your manner of driving is how much economic and harmless.

At a stop of the car of the marksman comes back to a zero.


The index of a stock of fuel in a tank

For check of work of the device its control lamp for some time lights up at ignition inclusion.

If the lamp burns constantly it means that in a tank remains about 8 litres of fuel.

Data about capacity of a fuel tank is resulted in Specifications.
The various angle of slope of the car (for example, at long movement on mountain road) can cause insignificant fluctuations of instrument readings.
Refuel in due time as fuel development “to last drop” can lead to damages of the engine or каталитического the converter.


The index of temperature of a cooling liquid

Arrow on dark blue sector

The engine still the cold. Movement should occur at moderate turns and speeds.

Arrow on red sector

If the control lamp it means that the engine перегрет burns. In it it is necessary at once to stop and allow to the engine to cool down.

Zone between colour sectors

Corresponds to normal working temperature. At a heat of air or at the big loadings on the engine of the marksman can come nearer to red sector closely.

Check of level of a cooling liquid is carried out under instructions in Section Check of levels of liquids.


The indicator of forthcoming maintenance service

Run to the following THAT

The indication presented on an illustration, appears for some seconds after ignition key turn in position 1 or 2 or after engine start.

Inscriptions OILSERVICE or INSPECTION testify to necessity THAT. Residual run in km is highlighted also. Residual run is calculated on the basis of the data about style of driving.

The sign a minus “-” before figure of residual run means, what exactly it is so much kilometres make THAT followed back.


Replacement of a brake liquid

On indication it is possible to deduce month and year in which it is necessary to make replacement of a brake liquid. For this purpose during a conclusion to indication of term of the following THAT it is necessary to press the button (it is shown by an arrow) on a control panel. By each pressing of the button indication term next THAT and term of replacement of a brake liquid is alternately deduced.

At approach of term of replacement of a brake liquid the symbol in the form of hours constantly burns.

The indicator does not consider time of parking of the car with the disconnected plugs of the accumulator.

Therefore watch that replacement of a brake liquid, irrespective of indicator indications, was made not less often than an once in two years.

Indication of open doors or not switched off light devices

Graphic indication

At position 2 ignition keys on indication in the form of symbols are deduced the information on following preventions (conditions). These symbols do not die away before elimination of the reasons which have caused their occurrence.

1 Check up a passing light.
2 the door Is opened.
3 the luggage carrier Is opened.
4 Check up lanterns of a backing or stoplights. The top symbol testifies to malfunction of an average stoplight.

If upon termination of a trip you have opened a door and have forgotten to switch off light the warning signal (any indication sounds does not appear), reminding about it.

Hours

Adjustment

It is made after ignition key turn in position 1 or 2.

Putting a clock forward: turn the button to the right.

Putting a clock back: turn the button to the left.

The longer you hold the button in the turned position, the change of indications is fast made.

Change of a mode of indications: press and at once release the button.

With each pressing of the button time indication varies with the 12-sentry on 24-hour and back.

If the ignition key is in position 0 short-term (for some seconds) the call of indications of time is made after pressing of the left adjusting button (see run counters, above).


Travelling компьютер*


Information call

Already after ignition key turn in position 1 you can, using the button in the lever switch of indexes of turn, to cause on the display of a control panel the information of the travelling computer. After each short-term pressing the button in a direction to a steering column the next information is deduced.

The information is deduced in the following sequence: time, temperature of external air, the average expense of fuel, a rough stock of a course, average speed of movement.

With ignition key turn in position 1 on indication corresponding last value is deduced.


Temperature of external air

You can change a unit of measure of temperature of external air (on By Farenheit).

For this purpose during temperature indication it is necessary to press the right adjusting button on a control panel.


The prevention of ice

At temperature drop more low +3С the precautionary sound signal, and indication some time is distributed blinks.

The prevention repeats, if after last giving of a signal the temperature at least has risen once to +6С, and then has fallen to +3С.

Despite presence of system of the prevention of ice, possibility of its formation (for example, on bridges and the shaded sites of roads) as well is not excluded at temperature above +3С.

The average expense of fuel

If during indication of the average expense of fuel to press the button and some time to keep it from this point on calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary, that the engine worked.


Course stock


The course stock is calculated taking into account actual style of driving on last kilometres of a way.

Average speed

If during indication of average speed of movement to press the button and some time to keep it from this point on calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary, that the engine worked.

Time of parking with the switched off engine at calculation is not considered.


The light alarm system


Button illumination periodically blinks at the included alarm system.

At the included illumination of the car the button is highlighted that allows to find easier it.

Function of operation of indexes of turn has a priority before function of the light alarm system. Therefore after ignition key turn in position 1 indexes of turn can blink, even if the light alarm system is included.

Multipurpose steering wheel (MFL) *

In a multipurpose steering wheel the keys allowing quickly are built in, without distracting from an event on road, to use

- Some functions of a radio receiver,
- темпостатом,
- Some functions of phone.

For management of various systems from their multipurpose steering wheel it is necessary to include preliminary.

On an illustration the possible example of a full complete set is shown. Details contain in descriptions of concrete variants.

1 — Phone: call reception, start of a set of number, the conversation termination
2 — Switching from a radio receiver on phone and back
3 — station Search / telephone number downwards on a range / to the list of phones
4 — Loudness of a radio receiver and phone

5 — station Search / telephone number upwards on a range / to the list of phones
6 — the Sound signal, all panel
7 — Tempostat: a call of the value kept in memory
8 — Tempostat: input of actual speed as set and its subsequent increase (+) or reduction of speed and input of the reached value in memory (-)
9 — Tempostat: inclusion / work interruption / deenergizing